Following the release of the new INSPIRE beta literature search and author profiles, we are pleased to announce the release of the new INSPIRE beta jobs!

We have upgraded our job submission forms, and added new features that will make it smoother for users to review and edit their job postings!

Up until now, if users wanted to make a modification (update a deadline, description, contact email etc.), they had to send a ticket, and our curator would make the change. 

In the new system, INSPIRE beta jobs, we give more freedom to users when it comes to managing their job openings. Curators still need to approve a new job posting, but once the job is displayed, the submitter can edit the job posting, and see the changes directly online. All this is now possible because we’ve enabled users to login with their ORCID to submit and modify their job posting. Anyone can send a new job to INSPIRE, as long as they have an ORCID account. You can read more about ORCID and how to create an account here

We’ll be running INSPIRE beta jobs in parallel with our current job platform. During this time, we’d more than appreciate your feedback (email us at feedback@inspirehep.net)! By hearing from you, our users, we’ll know what to improve in order to meet your needs in the best way possible! After a few weeks of testing, the new INSPIRE beta jobs will replace the current INSPIRE jobs platform. 

Note: INSPIRE beta jobs is currently under testing; therefore it contains a selection of job postings and is not updated regularly. Any updates on INSPIRE beta jobs won’t be reflected on INSPIRE.

However, if you’re interested in proceeding with job submissions on the new INSPIRE, we hope the following instructions will be useful!

How to submit a new job posting?

Once you’ve logged in with your ORCID, you’ll be able to access the job submission form that allows you to provide information about the position you’d like to post.

To do so, click on the “Submit” button in the top right corner of our homepage, and then on “Job”:

(The job submission option will be added after testing.)

At the time of submission, a job’s status will be set to “pending” by default, until our team has reviewed and approved it. Approved jobs will appear on the list of job postings

How to update a job posting?

As described earlier, from now on, users who have created a job posting are able to modify it, and their changes will be immediately shown in INSPIRE beta jobs.

To do so, simply go to your job posting and click the “Edit” icon at the bottom left of your job posting: . From there, you’ll access the update form, where you can change any job detail you want to.

To apply changes, you need to scroll down and click the “Submit” button: . You’ll get a message that your submission was successfully submitted if all went well.

How to update a deadline?

Updating a deadline is now much simpler. On the new platform, you’ll be able to log in using your ORCID, and access the editing options directly via the job posting link you received at the time of approval. 

Go to your job posting and click the “Edit” icon at the bottom left:. From there, you’ll access the update form, where you can change the deadline:

Changing the date is easily done via calendar, instead of having to follow a specific date format.

So, we get:

Once done editing, scroll down to submit via the respective button: -> and any successful submission should get the following message:

Your job posting will be instantly updated to reflect the changes you’ve made!

In our case, this would be:

How to remove a job posting?

If you, for any reason, want to remove your job posting from INSPIRE, you can do this by accessing the update form via the icon, and then simply changing the status of your job posting to “closed”:

It will immediately be removed from the job list once you’ve confirmed it by clicking on the  button. You should receive the following:

If, on the other hand, you want to re-open the job, you will have to create a new job posting.

Of course, the INSPIRE team is there to help you with whatever you might need to manage your job announcements on our website. Contact us at feedback@inspirehep.net with all your questions and feedback!

The INSPIRE Team

We are excited to announce INSPIRE beta, a sneak peek into the future of INSPIRE!

Built on top of a modern and reliable software architecture, INSPIRE beta aims at bringing the best out of the existing INSPIRE features while introducing new ones.

The High Energy Physics community’s feedback has always been part of shaping and improving INSPIRE; by launching INSPIRE beta to the community we enable an even closer connection, which helps us to deliver a new and better INSPIRE platform based on user needs.

That’s why INSPIRE beta is running in parallel to INSPIRE, while we work on ensuring that it will fully satisfy the needs of the HEP community. For the time being, users need to login via ORCID in order to try out INSPIRE beta, but the final platform will be available to everyone without any login required, same as the current INSPIRE platform.

You will see a powerful search, new filters (facets), and a new look-and-feel of search results and author pages.

Feel free to dive in, try out INSPIRE beta and tell us what you like and what we should improve via this feedback form.

What’s new

Search

INSPIRE beta features the familiar SPIRES syntax operators, currently the most popular way of searching in INSPIRE. According to our usage data, 95% of user searches correspond to the 10 most popular SPIRES syntax operators, as illustrated here:

SPIRES syntax operators

This was a clear indication for us when deciding our search implementation priorities. In the future, we will review the implementation based on user feedback, but for now, the following SPIRES syntax operators are supported on INSPIRE beta:

Search by Use operators Example
Author name a, au, author, namea witten
Author BAI a, au, author, name a J.M.Maldacena.1
Title t, title, ti t A First Course in String Theory
Eprint eprint eprint 1605.03630
Exact author name ea, exactauthor, exact-author ea ellis, j
Document type
(type-code)
tc, type-code, type, ty For thesis: tc t
Date d,date, year d 2015+
Citation numbertopcite,topcit, citedtopcite 1000+
Collaboration cn, collaboration cn babar
Journal j, journal, coden, published_in j Nucl.Phys.,B164,171
Number of authors ac,author-count, authorcount ac 1->10
Report number r,reportnumber, report-num, report, rept, rn r ATLAS-CONF-2011-084  
Citations of a record refersto:recid refersto:recid:193978
Texkey texkey texkey Lutz:2003jw
DOI doi doi 10.1088/1475-7516/2013/05/009
Record id recid, control_number recid:193978

In addition, we are investigating new ways to search for information using free text. We are currently improving the search results so that users can search by typing any combination of author names, title, dates etc. For example:

Filtering

The new facets allow users to refine their search. You can search by date, author name, subject, arXiv category, experiment and document type. Additionally, following user requests, we added a new facet to filter out papers with more than 10 authors.  The facet works similarly to the author count SPIRES operator (ac 1->10).

Citation counts

Citations are a very core function of what we do; INSPIRE aggregates content from many sources with often updated references. Currently, INSPIRE has 4 different algorithms for calculating citations, which can lead to discrepancies. In INSPIRE beta we implemented a new algorithm to calculate stable and accurate citations. So what does that mean for you? As we are still fine tuning the algorithm, you might encounter small citation differences between the two systems.

What’s next

For more info on new features and known issues, please visit our help page.


The 2016 edition of the annual topcites list is still very much dominated by experiment, in particular the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012, with the ATLAS and CMS papers at the [1] and [2] positions as they have been since 2013 (joined by the ATLAS and CMS instrumentation papers [12,13]). Indeed, they have now cracked the top ten of the all time list, where they are the only papers from the 2010s and, together with the 2006 PYTHIA [4] and 2002 GEANT4 [6] papers, the only papers from this century. The ATLAS and CMS collaborations produced a joint paper in 2015 on the Higgs boson mass and it makes its first appearance in the Top Forty this year [32]. The papers from the 1990s on the AdS/CFT correspondence [5,14,20] continue to be strongly represented. A breakthrough paper from 2006 by Ryu and Takayanagi [39], which connects entanglement entropy and Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, has made its first appearance in the Top Forty list as interest grows in the connection between quantum information concepts and quantum gravity. Aside from these papers, all of the theoretical papers in the top twenty are resource papers centered around LHC-relevant simulations [4,6,7,8,9,16,19]. The 21st century simulation codes Sherpa and POWHEG make their first appearance on the Top Forty list this year [35,38] following a long, steady climb in their annual citation rates [2008 paper, 2004 paper]. Away from the LHC-zone, observational cosmology rules the top twenty, with familiar favorites [3,10,15,17,18] and one very important newcomer [11], to which we now turn.

The gravitational wave discovery paper [11] by the LIGO Scientific and Virgo collaborations appeared simultaneously in Physical Review Letters and on arXiv.org in February. By April it had 200 citations and by July 500 citations. In late December Science Magazine named this discovery the Breakthrough of the Year for 2016. So far this seems to have exerted little influence on the rest of the topcite list (though one can detect an uptick in citations of Einstein’s original GR paper and his 1937 paper on gravitational waves). It will be interesting to see what happens in 2017.

The other big news of 2016 was the possible di-photon (or gamma-gamma) excess reported in December of 2015 by ATLAS [24] and CMS [29] in papers that were, unprecedentedly for the Top Forty list, neither arXiv eprints nor journal articles. As a potential signal for New Physics, this precipitated an intense period of research. The observations generated more than 400 theory papers citing the ATLAS and CMS reports. This collection of theory papers acquired a Hirsh index of 92, that is 92 of these citing papers themselves garnered at least 92 citations. Publishing these theory papers was a matter of controversy. JHEP declined for some time to publish any theory paper explaining the resonance; Physical Review Letters chose four to illustrate the ferment in the particle theory community. Finally at the ICHEP conference in Chicago in August it was announced that the signal disappeared when studied in the larger LHC data set accumulated in 2016. In the still-relevant words of Maurice Goldhaber, “not all candidates get elected”.

The remainder of the list includes familiar papers from previous Top Forty lists. On the theory side are more LHC-relevant simulation papers [22,23,25,28,30,31], Hawking radiation [21], inflation [26,34], large extra dimensions [33] and neutrino mixing [37]. The list is rounded out by the first resullts from LUX on dark matter [27] (the final results from LUX appeared in August, too late for this edition) and the update of cosmological parameters from the full WMAP data set [36].

– Heath O’Connell and Michael Peskin.

Traditionally DOIs (Digital Object Identifiers) have been associated with published papers in the digital era, but papers are not the only research objects that physicists may want to search, use, and cite. We talked with Jim Simone of Fermilab about his efforts to get DOIs assigned to MILC collaboration datasets and to get records of them uploaded to INSPIRE.

How is Jim involved with the MILC collaboration?

Jim is a member of FERMILAB-LATTICE collaboration, which works closely with MILC on scientific projects involving matrix elements and flavor physics. MILC generates data sets consisting of lattice gauge configuration files, which the collaboration has made openly available for others to use, as is increasingly becoming required for federally funded research in the U.S.

What is the MILC collaboration’s connection to the International Lattice Data Grid (ILDG)?

Jim was an early organizer of the ILDG, which is intended as a data grid to enable collaborations to share gauge configurations. The ILDG metadata catalog had its limitations; it only held limited kinds of metadata, sometimes making it difficult for people to find what they were looking for. People involved with the project have been trying to fill in the gaps, including the biggest problem: connecting scientific papers produced by the data to the datasets.

Rather than reinventing the wheel, ILDG is considering to use INSPIRE as a catalog to connect papers with datasets, making the data usable and findable by all physicists, including HEP and nuclear phenomenologists, as ILDG is currently only used by lattice scientists. In INSPIRE the datasets and associated papers can be searched starting with the papers in order to see what configurations were used to get the results, though in the upcoming version of INSPIRE, the Data collection will be made public and searching will also be possible starting with the individual datasets and from there finding what papers were produced from these configurations.

Lattice1INSPIRE record of MILC dataset that has been cited. http://dx.doi.org/10.15484/milc.asqtad.en05b/1178157

Lattice2References in INSPIRE record of a paper that cited MILC datasets.

Why and how did Jim go about getting DOIs assigned to the datasets? What challenges did he face?

Jim believes DOIs, as public, persistent identifiers, are a natural mechanism to identify the datasets, which are public, first class data objects, and permanent. With DOIs, the configurations will be better integrated into the ILDG and INSPIRE.

In the case of published papers, DOIs are assigned by publishers, but this route would not work for datasets. While INSPIRE is equipped to directly issue DOIs, MILC’s direct connection to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) made it practical for DOIs to be issued by DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI). In either case, DOIs are registered with the central agency DataCite.

ILDG has started a discussion on how other groups can get DOIs for their datasets. Outside the DOE, CERN also issues DOIs, and regional ILDG groups can help members get DOIs and serve as gatekeepers to keep the metadata clean and clear. DataCite can also help researchers find registration organizations.

For Jim it was a learning experience working with OSTI and interacting with their web services. As one of his main focuses was findability, Jim wanted to include lots of searchable metadata in the dataset records so to help physicists find the particular configurations they wanted. This amount of metadata was more than OSTI was used to receiving when minting DOIs, but they were able to work with Jim’s requests and he considered them a great help through the entire process

Beyond getting the DOIs assigned, another challenge was figuring out how citations should be marked up in papers, both written and digitally. With the goals of making the datasets findable and identifiable, Jim and the ILDG wanted people to be able to see the DOI in a print version of a reference list as well as click it in a digital version. In order to make the process as transparent as possible for people citing the datasets, Jim worked with us to include instructions in the metadata of the INSPIRE records and OSTI records.

Lattice3

For researchers unsure of how to cite datasets that do not include specific citation guidelines in their metadata, DataCite and CrossRef have developed a DOI citation formatter that can take a DOI registered by either of these services and format its citation in a variety of styles.

When going through the publication process with a paper that used MILC configurations, Jim found the referees and copy editors weren’t familiar with how the citations should appear. Most objects with a DOI are published papers that can be cited in written format using a journal reference, volume, page range, etc., so the DOI is often left out of the text of a reference list. However, following this standard would not make the datasets adequately identifiable to the human eye.

The community known as FORCE 11 (Future of Research Communication and e-Scholarship) has developed eight principles of data citation practices with equal emphasis on human readability and machine-actionability. As these recommendations become more widely endorsed in research communities and researchers become accustomed to citing datasets in their papers, the issue of human identifiable data citations will most likely be resolved.

What advice does Jim have for others looking to make their datasets more findable and citable?

Jim has two pieces of advice: get DOIs and mark up the metadata in a way that’s sensible for the community who will use the datasets. DataCite makes this simple by being explicit about its mandatory metadata requirements, while also allowing for additional recommended and optional metadata.

At INSPIRE we look forward to integrating more dataset DOIs into our records. Send your questions and comments about dataset DOIs in INSPIRE to feedback@inspirehep.net.

      一年一度的INSPIRE高被引文章列表INSPIRE Topcites)对上一年度的热点话题提供了概览。为了保证专注于高能物理领域,我们发布的这份列表中仅考虑来自核心文章的被引次数。为了确保覆盖面的广度,我们还针对每一个arXiv的类别给出了高被引文献列表。

      除了列表中间的几篇文章和最后几篇有关量子涨落的经典文章,2015年40篇高被引文章列表延续了近期的趋势,与上一年度基本一致。2014年的前五篇文章依然在今年的高被引文章列表中,今年排位第五【5】的由Maldacena在1997年发表的有关AdS/CFT的文章比排位第六【6】的在2002年发表的描述GEANT4的文章(这篇文章去年排名第七),多了近150次的被引频次。

      列表中出现的第一篇新文章位列第七【7】,这是一篇讲宇宙学参数普朗克的文章,是基于发表于2013年普朗克文章【3】的最新研究成果。自从这篇文章在2015年2月发表之后,被引频次超过700,这样,有关普朗克的文章在列表中总共有4篇。2015年2月还有一篇有关膨胀的文章【27】,也是基于发表于2013年一篇文章【30】更新后的研究成果。

      第15位是我们的列表中新出现的第二篇文章【15】,发表于2014年,是发表于2011年MadGraph5文章【16】的后续,它描述了自动计算,微扰理论的次领头阶的软件包。

      提交至arXiv.org名单上的论文中,有11篇来自hep-ph领域,4 篇来自hep-th,当然,还有两篇发现希格斯的论文是来自hep-ex领域,另外有10 篇来自astro-ph领域(8篇来自astro-ph.CO领域和两篇发表于1998年的关于超新星的文章【1013】,如果这两篇文章撰写的时候有astro-ph.CO的子类别,那么这两篇文章就会被归属于这个类别)。astro-ph类别里都是观测类文章,因此我们能看出理论和“实验性”论文的数量大致相当。发表于数字化时代之前的有关粒子物理和宇宙学的经典论文,却是由于近代的科学研究和发现出现在了高被引文章列表中。有趣的是,从这些文章年度被引用频次的图表中都能看出明显的上升趋势。

[39] [37] [33] [32]
[31] [26] [20] [23]

Read the post in English here.

INSPIRE Matrix of Topcites

The annual INSPIRE Topcites list provides a snapshot of the topics that were of greatest interest in a given calendar year. To maintain the focus on HEP, we construct the list by considering only citations from core papers. To be complete, we also provide individual Topcite lists for each arXiv category we cover.

Continuing a recent trend, the 2015 Top 40 list is virtually unchanged from the previous year, save for a little re-shuffling in the middle order and the quantum fluctuations of classic papers near the bottom. The leading five papers from 2014 securely held their positions, with almost 150 citations separating Maldacena’s 1997 AdS/CFT paper at number [5] from this year’s number [6] paper, the 2002 GEANT4 description paper (which itself was seventh last year).

The first new paper on the list appears at number [7], a Planck paper on cosmological parameters that updates the results of a 2013 Planck paper [3]. Since its posting in February 2015 this paper has collected over 700 citations and brings to four the total number of Planck papers on the list, including another February 2015 paper on inflation [27] which, again, updates a 2013 paper [30].

At number [15] we have the second paper making its debut, a 2014 descendant of the 2011 MadGraph5 paper [16], describing a software package for automatically calculating cross sections at next-to-leading order.

Of the papers on the list submitted to arXiv.org, 11 were from hep-ph, 4 from hep-th, the 2 Higgs discovery papers were, of course, from hep-ex and 10 were from astro-ph (8 from astro-ph.CO and the two 1998 supernova papers [10, 13] that would have been in astro-ph.CO if this subcategory had existed when they were written). The astro-ph papers are all observational, so we see a roughly equal number of theoretical and “experimental” papers. The classic papers from before the digital age, however, are all theoretical works on particle physics and cosmology that have been summoned to the list by recent research and discovery. Interestingly, the charts of their annual citation counts all show an impressively upward trajectory:

[39] [37] [33] [32]
[31] [26] [20] [23]

suggesting a strong showing by them in future topcite lists.

– Heath O’Connell (Fermilab)

The INSPIRE service is operated by a global consortium, including IHEP in Beijing , We strive to connect the global High-Energy Physics (HEP) community, indexing over 1.000.000 relevant publications and offering accurate author profiles with citation statistics. . To celebrate our global reach, and serve the diversity of our community, some of our blog posts relevant to the Chinese HEP community will also appear in Chinese on our pages.

Let us know what you think about this and check out INSPIRE-HEP blog and twitter for more news. Our Chinese colleagues can also check our China Weibo micro-blog

        INSPIRE is committed to keep up with all the new publications in the field of high energy physics. As part of that, over the years, INSPIRE has managed to collect more than 30.000 theses! Only last year INSPIRE added more than 2000 theses to its collection. Approximately 70% of them are Phd level.

theses
Figure 1: Total number of theses in INSPIRE

Although theses only cover the 3% of the total HEP publications collection, they made up 40% of user submissions in 2015, so it is noticeable that  there is  a large demand for better coverage. Finding all the theses concerning the HEP field every year from around the world is a very difficult task. While the focused and devoted INSPIRE team constantly searches for new publications, it might not find all of them, which is why we need your help.

pie_chart
Figure 2: Thesis collection categorized by field

As with every other publication on INSPIRE, when submitting a thesis a person, is automatically given an author profile, which will include his first publication. In case this publication is not his first the author profile will already exist and it will get updated.

For all of these reasons we recommend that all students who want to start building their career in high energy physics should suggest their thesis to INSPIRE. . Moreover, professors and supervisors should also encourage and recommend this action to their students. Please note that for those of you a CERN, we take theses available on CDS automatically.

If you are interested in submitting your thesis to INSPIRE, check out INSPIRE labs. All the analytical steps and directions that will guide you through the thesis suggestion process can be found here.

Interested in what we have been working on? Drop us a line at feedback@inspirehep.net and stay tuned to our Twitter and blog for updates!

 

What is THOR?

If you haven’t heard about the THOR project, you’re missing out on a lot of changes in the open scientific community and the forces that drive these changes forward. THOR is a 30-month project funded by the European Commission. Its purpose is to establish seamless integration between articles, data, and researchers across the research lifecycle. This will create a wealth of open resources and foster a sustainable international e-infrastructure. THOR started this June and its goal is to improve the interconnection of the existent persistent identifiers so that a researcher will not have the need for multiple persistent identifiers that provide information only for a part of his research. Moreover, it aims to form economies of scale, enrich existing research services, and create opportunities for innovative solutions throughout the lifecycle of scientific research projects.

How does THOR work?

THOR’s main goal is to create sustainable services, not just prototypes or proofs of concept. These services will be built to be accessible to all researchers, no matter which discipline, institution or country they work in. The INSPIRE team at CERN, along with DataCite and ORCID, will collaborate with the British Library, EMBL, DRYAD, ANDS, PLOS, Pangaea and ELSEVIER, organisations and publishers from a variety of scientific fields.

All of THOR’s initiatives revolve around the following set of actions and proposals:

  • The leverage of two community-driven global persistent identifier (PID) initiatives for contributors (ORCID profiles) and scientific data artifacts (DOIs through DataCite) to build tools to serve the evolving needs of the research community
  • Deliver PID-based services to submit, identify, attribute, and cite artefacts, starting with four disciplinary communities: Biological and Medical sciences, Environmental and Earth Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Social Sciences and the Humanities
  • Create PID integration and interoperability solutions for research institutions, libraries, data centers, publishers, and research funders
  • Enhance the expertise of the European research community by running an intensive training program, and creating a knowledge base for practitioners integrating PIDs into research information systems.

THOR and INSPIRE

Because of the nature of the community and the existing infrastructure that INSPIRE has built over the years, it is one of the most significant THOR project partners. INSPIRE’s database and author profiles are perfect candidates for the integration of the two PID-based services mentioned, ORCID and DataCite, which present a way to create a bidirectional connection with other scientific communities and repositories. These kinds of features improve the workflow of the users of INSPIRE by building seamless connections to other services such as HepData, which connects the author’s research papers with the corresponding data, and more importantly promote a new era of “open-access”-friendly scientific information services.

If you are interested in project THOR and/or have questions about the actions it promotes, feel free to contact us at [email-address], follow project THOR on Twitter, or leave your comments below.

In 2010 we moved the Jobs Collection from SPIRES to INSPIRE; 5 years later, this collection is one of the most visited and active on INSPIRE. Here are some statistics to illustrate how important the “Jobs Collection” appears to be to you.

Year_Jobs
Figure 1: Job posts through the last years

As you can see in Figure 1, the number of jobs that were posted in INSPIRE has increased a lot during the last 3 years. This is happening thanks to our colleagues’ efforts to scan all of the HR sections of the official webpages of the world’s scientific labs and universities to include related job postings. To make it easier for you to find the best job suited for you, we offer you compact and summarized information through features such as the job matrix.

Clicks_Jobs
Figure 2: Clicks on the Job Collection

In Figure 2, we notice that the use of the Jobs Collection continues to increase throughout the years and follows specific patterns. We can observe a seasonal growth of the traffic every fall, along with a general yearly 13% growth in traffic from 2013 to 2015. This only means for us that the service is an essential part of the scientific community’s workflow, a page that stays bookmarked for our users and is strongly connected to your quest for new opportunities and objectives. Our goal is to to serve the scientific community, so we will continue to gather more sources and to extend the coverage of this collection.

After analyzing this data, another interesting point that comes up is the scientific fields and the position levels that are offered through INSPIRE. In Figure 3 and 4 you can see the distribution of the offered positions, based on the field of physics and position level. As you can see, while INSPIRE is mostly useful for the HEP community, you can also find postings from many other fields of physics such as astro-ph. You find such job postings in an organized fashion by browsing the Job Matrix.

fields_jobs
Figure 3: Positions offered through INSPIRE in different fields of physics

level_jobs
Figure 4: Positions offered through INSPIRE in different employee levels

Finally, it is very interesting to track the breathing cycle of academia (Figure 5). Even if there were some slight changes through the years, we can notice that almost every year during September, October and November,the number of Job posts increases. Keep that in mind when you consider starting your job hunt.

Month_posting_Jobs
Figure 5: Job posting per month through the last years

We hope that we’ve cleared up some things concerning the Jobs section. We wish the best of luck for all of you who are currently seeking a job. For further information do not hesitate to contact us at jobs@inspirehep.net.